Treating Strokes

Baptist Memphis has the technology and the expertise to diagnose and treat strokes of all kinds: ischemic, hemorrhagic, and transient ischemic attacks.

We also offer a full continuum of care, including rehabilitation services and support groups, for stroke victims. We want you not just to recover, but to thrive after a stroke.

Types of Strokes

Ischemic Stroke

By far the most common stroke, accounting for about 87 percent of all cases.

Ischemic strokes occur as a result of an obstruction within a blood vessel supplying blood to the brain. The blood vessel can be blocked by fatty deposits (plaque) that line the vessel walls. This is a condition called atherosclerosis. Another cause is a blood clot in the vessel or other material that travels in the blood vessel and becomes lodged in smaller vessels in the brain.

Hemorrhagic Stroke

Hemorrhagic strokes results from a weakened vessel that ruptures and bleeds into the surrounding brain. Two types of weakened blood vessels usually cause hemorrhagic stroke: cerebral aneurysms and arteriovenous malformations. The blood accumulates and compresses the surrounding brain tissue. Often a hemorrhagic stroke is caused by high blood pressure.

An aneurysm is a ballooning of a weakened region of a blood vessel. However, if left untreated, the aneurysm can continue to weaken until it ruptures and bleeds into the brain. Ruptured aneurysms are relatively uncommon.

An arteriovenous malformation (AVM) is a cluster of abnormally formed blood vessels. Any one of these vessels can rupture, also causing bleeding into the brain.

Other causes for hemorrhagic strokes are brain trauma. Brain trauma is often the result of an accident like a fall or a motor vehicle accident.

Transient Ischemic Attack

Often labeled a “mini-stroke,” a TIA is more accurately characterized as a “warning stroke” — one you should take very seriously. TIA is caused by a blockage; the only difference between a stroke and TIA is that with TIA the blockage is transient, or temporary.

TIA symptoms occur rapidly and last a relatively short time. Most TIAs last less than five minutes; the average is about a minute. Unlike a stroke, when a TIA is over, there’s no permanent injury to the brain. Having a TIA is a sign you are at high risk for having a stroke.

How We Treat Strokes

Baptist Memphis has a 10-bed neuro ICU and a 40-bed neuro floor. There is a 40-bed intermediate level ICU step-down floor. Patients may be admitted to the neuro ICU as a direct admission, emergency admission, transfer from another critical care area, or from any nursing unit/department.

We offer advanced neuro diagnostic technology, including:

  • Advanced Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) and Magnetic Resonance Angiography (MRA)
  • Magnetic Resonance Perfusion (MR Perfusion)
  • Advanced Computerized Tomography (CT) technology and Computerized Tomography Angiography (CTA)
  • Computerized Tomography Perfusion (CT Perfusion)
  • Advanced Positron Emission Tomography technology
  • Advanced Neuro Interventional Radiology for minimally invasive procedures.

Baptist Memphis has a multidisciplinary team of five neurologists, five neurointerventionalists, and more than a dozen neurosurgeons. The neuro ICU has critical care intensivists who are available in the ICU 24 hours a day. At Baptist Memphis you will experience a team of expertly trained physicians, nurses, therapists, pharmiacists and many other health care team members.


Baptist is working to keep distance from being something that prevents quality medical care. With a stroke or other neurological disorders, having immediate feedback can greatly improve medical care. Teleneurology brings patients together with experts who may be miles away.

More Information

For more detailed information about all forms of stroke, please visit the Stroke Association website. While you're there, be sure to check out Life After Stroke and Stroke Connection Magazine

For more information about stroke therapy, please visit our Baptist Rehabilitation-Germantown website.

Contact Us

Baptist Memorial Hospital-Memphis

6019 Walnut Grove Rd.
Memphis, Tenn. 38120



Stroke Resources

Learn about signs, symptoms, and risk factors through our stroke resources. Baptist Memorial Health Care puts health care information at your fingertips, and puts our patients first.